Properties of Charcoal 活性炭的特性

Because charcoal can pack molecules of ammonia gas into its crevices, it can attract and hold 80 quarts of ammonia gas per one quart of pulverized charcoal! This process is called adsorption, or attaching onto rather than taking onto rather than taking into as in absorption.
活性炭能夠將阿摩尼亞氣體的微粒捆紮在其裂隙中,而每一夸脫的炭粉就能吸引著八十夸脫的阿摩尼亞氣體!這個過程稱為吸附作用,氣體吸附著在炭粒上而不是被吸收。

In 1733, Scheele made an experiment with charcoal in which a gas was trapped in an inverted tube with charcoal, the lower end of the tube being submerged in a container of mercury. As the gas was adsorbed by the charcoal, a vacuum appeared in the tube and sucked the mercury up into the tube.
1733年,化學家舍勒(Scheele)做了一個有關炭的實驗,他將炭與氣體放置於倒置的試管中,試管的尾端放在裝有水銀的容器上。由於炭吸取了在試管中的氣體,出現了一個真空的狀態,水銀由此倒流被吸入試管中。

Pharmacist P.F. Touery, in 1831, making a demonstration of the effectiveness of charcoal before the French Academy of Medicine, survived after swallowing 15 grams of strychnine (ten times the lethal dose) and an equal amount of charcoal—about three tablespoonfuls.
1831年,藥劑師拖爾磊(Touery)教授造了一個證明炭有效性實驗。他在法國醫學學會同事面前,吞服了足以致命的十五克「士的寧」(是足以致命的十倍),並且吞服了相同份量(約三湯匙)的炭粉,結果他依然生存。

Charred toast and other scorched food in the kitchen are not healthful. They are not charcoal. These represent charred protein, fats, carbohydrates, and mineral salts, the very parts burned away in charcoal, leaving only charred cellulose.
但在廚房中的燒成炭的多士和燒焦了的食物並不屬於活性炭的種類。這些是不健康的,燒焦了的蛋白質、脂肪、碳水化合物和礦物鹽的纖維,與活性炭非常不同。

The skeletal structure remaining in true charcoal is inert, where as the remaining substances in charred food can react unhealthfully with the body, and even act as cancer-producing agents.
這些殘留下的墮性骨幹結構物質是有害於身體的,甚至會導致癌症。

Activated charcoal is produced from the controlled burning of wood or bone which is then subjected to the action of an oxidizing gas such as steam or air at elevated temperature. This process enhances the adsorptive power of charcoal by developing an extensive network of fine pores in the material.
活性炭的製成需先經過受控制的溫度去燃燒木頭或骨頭的,然後透過蒸汽或提升溫度的氣體氧化物質而成。透過擴大物質當中精細小孔的廣大網絡,來加强活性炭的吸附作用的功效。

The activation process was not invented until after the turn of the 20th century, but charcoal was already recognized as a useful healing agent even though only regular charcoal was then in use.
雖然活化過程是在二十世紀轉接期才被發明及正規使用,但活性炭的治癒功效早巳被人認識。

Following activation of charcoal with pressurized steam or strong acid, the surface area of one cubic centimeter is 1000 square meters!
隨著蒸氣壓力和强酸被加入在炭的活化過程當中,一立方厘米的表面積巳可擁有一千平方米了!

This expanded surface is due to the fact that charcoal particles have thousands of crevices, pits, grooves, and holes which, when opened out, make quite a large surface area.
形成這個膨脹表面的原因,是由於活性炭的粒子擁有成千上萬的裂縫,坑道,溝漕和小洞,當它們一同開放的時候,便形成了一大片的表面積了.