Charcoal has always been used as fuel material. However now, when
gas, electricity and oil are commonly used, its production has declined.
Unique characteristics of charcoal allow using it in various fields.
Just recently it hasn’t been used commonly, but today it attacks more
and more attention. Charcoal suits perfectly for domestic use –
chargrills, fireplaces, barbeques, as it is smokeless and
environmentally friendly. It can also be used in manufacturing industry:
nonferrous machine industry (eg. to obtain aluminum, boron, etc.); in
the production of pure silicium which is used to get semi-conductors; in
chemical industry; metallurgy industry as deoxidant because there is a
big amount of carbon in charcoal, in the production of glass, crystal,
paint, electrode, plastic and in many other fields.
Homeopathic physicians have used charcoal throughout the world for more
than 200 years.
Charcoal is rated in Category 1 (safe and effective) status by the FDA
for acute toxic poisoning.
Charcoal has been an official remedy in the United States for at least
100 years, and was eliminated from the U.S. Pharmacopoeia about 1950, not
because it was ineffective, but because of its general disuse in American
medicine following the phenomenal growth of the drug industry.
The light and fluffy black powder of charcoal has been used as a
officially recognized antidote since the 19th century.
It is easy to make by a destructive distillation of organic materials
such as wood pulp, petroleum coke, coals, peat, sawdust, wood char, paper
mill waste, bone, and coconut shells.
Any kind of wood such as willow, eucalyptus, pine, oak and others are
adequate sources of wood charcoal. Charcoals made from vegetable materials
such as wood and coal contains about 90% carbon.